Surah Al-Infitaar (82): Read Online and Download - English Translation

This page contains all verses of surah Al-Infitaar in addition to Interpretation of all verses by Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Hafiz Ibn Kathir). In the first part you can read surah الإنفطار ordered in pages exactly as it is present in the Quran. To read an interpretation of a verse click on its number.

Information About Surah Al-Infitaar

Surah Al-Infitaar

Surah Al-Infitaar is the 82nd chapter of the Quran and is composed of 19 verses. The title of the surah, "Al-Infitaar," translates to "The Cleaving" or "The Splitting Open," which refers to the splitting open of the sky on the Day of Judgment.

The surah addresses the theme of the Day of Judgment and the consequences of people's actions in this life. It describes the events that will occur on the Day of Judgment, emphasizing the certainty and severity of the Day and the accountability of individuals for their deeds.

Surah Al-Infitaar also highlights the contrast between the fate of the righteous and the wicked, emphasizing the reward for those who have done good and the punishment for those who have done evil. It serves as a reminder of the ultimate justice that will be served on the Day of Judgment.

The surah encourages reflection on the signs of Allah's power and the inevitability of the Day of Judgment, urging individuals to consider their actions and their consequences in light of the impending accountability before Allah.

Overall, Surah Al-Infitaar serves as a powerful reminder of the Day of Judgment and the consequences of one's actions, emphasizing the importance of righteousness and accountability in the sight of Allah.

Surah Al-Infitaar
سُورَةُ الانفِطَارِ
Page 587 (Verses from 1 to 19)

إِذَا ٱلسَّمَآءُ ٱنفَطَرَتْ وَإِذَا ٱلْكَوَاكِبُ ٱنتَثَرَتْ وَإِذَا ٱلْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ وَإِذَا ٱلْقُبُورُ بُعْثِرَتْ عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ وَأَخَّرَتْ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ ٱلْكَرِيمِ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّىٰكَ فَعَدَلَكَ فِىٓ أَىِّ صُورَةٍ مَّا شَآءَ رَكَّبَكَ كَلَّا بَلْ تُكَذِّبُونَ بِٱلدِّينِ وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ لَحَٰفِظِينَ كِرَامًا كَٰتِبِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ إِنَّ ٱلْأَبْرَارَ لَفِى نَعِيمٍ وَإِنَّ ٱلْفُجَّارَ لَفِى جَحِيمٍ يَصْلَوْنَهَا يَوْمَ ٱلدِّينِ وَمَا هُمْ عَنْهَا بِغَآئِبِينَ وَمَآ أَدْرَىٰكَ مَا يَوْمُ ٱلدِّينِ ثُمَّ مَآ أَدْرَىٰكَ مَا يَوْمُ ٱلدِّينِ يَوْمَ لَا تَمْلِكُ نَفْسٌ لِّنَفْسٍ شَيْـًٔا ۖ وَٱلْأَمْرُ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلَّهِ
587

Listen to Surah Al-Infitaar (Arabic and English translation)

Tafsir of Surah Al-Infitaar (Tafsir Ibn Kathir: Hafiz Ibn Kathir)

English Translation

When the sky breaks apart

English Transliteration

Itha alssamao infatarat

Which was revealed in Makkah

The Virtues of Surat Al-Infitar

An-Nasa'i recorded from Jabir that Mu`adh stood and lead the people in the Night prayer, and he made the recitation of his prayer long. So the Prophet said,

«أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ يَا مُعَاذُ؟ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ عَنْ
سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الاّعْلَى
وَالضُّحَى
وَ
إِذَا السَّمَآءُ انفَطَرَتْ »

(Are you putting the people to trial O Mu`adh Why don't you recite (Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High) (87), (By the forenoon) (93), and (When the heaven is cleft asunder) (82))" The basis of this Hadith is found in the Two Sahihs, however the mentioning of

إِذَا السَّمَآءُ انفَطَرَتْ

(When the heaven is cleft asunder.) has only been mentioned by An-Nasa'i. It has been previously mentioned in a narration from `Abdullah bin `Umar that the Prophet said,

«مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يَنْظُرَ إِلَى الْقِيَامَةِ رَأْيَ عَيْنٍ فَلْيَقْرَأْ:
إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ

و

إِذَا السَّمَآءُ انفَطَرَتْ
و
إِذَا السَّمَآءُ انشَقَّتْ »

(Whoever would be pleased to look at the Day of Resurrection with his own eyes, then let him recite, (When the sun is Kuwwirat.) (81) and; (When the heaven is cleft asunder) (82) and; (When the heaven is split asunder) (84).)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

إِذَا السَّمَآءُ انفَطَرَتْ

(When the heaven is cleft asunder (Infatarat).) meaning, it splits. This is as Allah says,

السَّمَآءُ مُنفَطِرٌ بِهِ

(Whereon the heaven will be cleft asunder (Munfatir)) (73:18) Then Allah says,

وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ

(And when the stars Intatharat.) meaning, fallen.

وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ

(And when the seas Fujjirat.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, "Allah will cause some of it to burst forth over other parts of it." Al-Hasan said, "Allah will cause some parts of it to burst forth over other parts of it, and its water will go away." Qatadah said, "Its fresh water will mix with its salt water."

وَإِذَا الْقُبُورُ بُعْثِرَتْ

(And when the graves Bu`thirat.) Ibn `Abbas said, "searched." As-Suddi said, "Tub`athiru means that they will be moved and those who are in them will come out."

عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ وَأَخَّرَتْ

(A person will know what he has sent forward and left behind.) meaning, when this happens then this will occur. Mankind should not forget about Allah Allah says,

يأَيُّهَا الإِنسَـنُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ الْكَرِيمِ

(O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous) This is a threat. It is not an attempt to get a reply as some people mistakenly think. They consider it as if the Most Generous is asking them so that they will say, "His honor deceived him (or made him careless of his Lord)." rather the meaning of this Ayah is, "O Son of Adam! What has deceived you from your Lord, the Most Generous -- meaning the Most Great -- so that you went forth disobeying Him, and you met Him with that which was unbefitting." This is similar to what has been reported in the Hadith,

«يَقُولُ اللهُ تَعَالَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ: يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا غَرَّكَ بِي؟ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَاذَا أَجَبْتَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ؟»

(Allah will say on the Day of Judgement: "O Son of Adam! What has deceived you concerning Me O Son of Adam What was your response to the Messengers") Al-Baghawi mentioned that Al-Kalbi and Muqatil said, "This Ayah was revealed about Al-Aswad bin Shariq who struck the Prophet and he was not punished in retaliation. So Allah revealed,

مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ الْكَرِيمِ

(What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous)" Then Allah said,

الَّذِى خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّاكَ فَعَدَلَكَ

(Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.) meaning, `what has deceived you concerning the Most Generous Lord'

الَّذِى خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّاكَ فَعَدَلَكَ

(Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.) meaning, `He made you complete, straight, and perfectly balanced and proportioned in stature. He fashioned you in the best of forms and shapes.' Imam Ahmad recorded from Busr bin Jahhash Al-Qurashi that one day the Messenger of Allah spat in his palm and placed his finger on it. Then he said,

«قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ أَنْى تُعْجِزُنِي وَقَدْ خَلَقْتُكَ مِنْ مِثْلِ هذِهِ؟ حَتْى إِذَا سَوَّيْتُكَ وَعَدَلْتُكَ مَشَيْتَ بَيْنَ بُرْدَيْنِ، وَلِلْأَرْضِ مِنْكَ وَئِيدٌ، فَجَمَعْتَ وَمَنَعْتَ حَتْى إِذَا بَلَغَتِ التَّرَاقِيَ قُلْتَ: أَتَصَدَّقُ وَأَنَّى أَوَانُ الصَّدَقَةِ؟»

(Allah the Mighty and Sublime says: "O Son of Adam! How can you escape Me when I created you from something similar to this (spit) Then I fashioned you and made your creation balanced so that you walked between the two outer garments. And the earth has a burial place for you. So you gathered (wealth) and withheld it until your soul reached your collarbone (i.e., death comes). Then, at that time you say, `I will give charity now.' But how will there be time for charity") This Hadith has also been recorded by Ibn Majah . Concerning Allah's statement,

فِى أَىِّ صُورَةٍ مَّا شَآءَ رَكَّبَكَ

(In whatever form He willed, He put you together.) Mujahid said, "In which resemblance: the father, the mother, the paternal uncle, or the maternal uncle." In the Two Sahihs it is recorded from Abu Hurayrah that a man said, "O Messenger of Allah! Verily, my wife has given birth to a black boy." The Prophet said,

«هَلْ لَكَ مِنْ إِبِلٍ؟»

(Do you have any camels) The man said, "Yes." The Prophet then said,

«فَمَا أَلْوَانُهَا»

(What color are they) The man said, "Red." The Prophet said,

«فَهَلْ فِيهَا مِنْ أَوْرَق»

(Do any of them have patches of gray) The man said, "Yes." The Prophet asked him,

«فَأَنْى أَتَاهَا ذلِك»

(How did this happen to them) The man replied, "It is probably an inherited genetical strain." The Prophet then said,

«وَهَذَا عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونَ نَزَعَهُ عِرْق»

(Likewise, this (with your son) is probably an inherited genetical strain.) The Cause of Deception and alerting to the Fact that Angels record the Deeds of the Children of Adam Concerning Allah's statement,

كَلاَّ بَلْ تُكَذِّبُونَ بِالدِّينِ

(Nay! But you deny (the Day of) Ad-Din.) meaning, `you are only compelled to oppose the Most Generous and meet Him with disobedience, by your rejection in your hearts of the Hereafter, the recompense and the reckoning.' Concerning Allah's statement,

وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ لَحَـفِظِينَ - كِرَاماً كَـتِبِينَ - يَعْلَمُونَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

(But verily, over you to watch you (are) Kiraman Katibin, they know all that you do.) (82:10-12) meaning, `indeed there are noble guardian angels over you, so do not meet them with evil deeds, because they write down all that you do.'

English Translation

And when the stars fall, scattering,

English Transliteration

Waitha alkawakibu intatharat

English Translation

And when the seas are erupted

English Transliteration

Waitha albiharu fujjirat

English Translation

And when the [contents of] graves are scattered,

English Transliteration

Waitha alqubooru buAAthirat

English Translation

A soul will [then] know what it has put forth and kept back.

English Transliteration

AAalimat nafsun ma qaddamat waakhkharat

English Translation

O mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, the Generous,

English Transliteration

Ya ayyuha alinsanu ma gharraka birabbika alkareemi

English Translation

Who created you, proportioned you, and balanced you?

English Transliteration

Allathee khalaqaka fasawwaka faAAadalaka

English Translation

In whatever form He willed has He assembled you.

English Transliteration

Fee ayyi sooratin ma shaa rakkabaka

English Translation

No! But you deny the Recompense.

English Transliteration

Kalla bal tukaththiboona bialddeeni

English Translation

And indeed, [appointed] over you are keepers,

English Transliteration

Wainna AAalaykum lahafitheena

English Translation

Noble and recording;

English Transliteration

Kiraman katibeena

English Translation

They know whatever you do.

English Transliteration

YaAAlamoona ma tafAAaloona

English Translation

Indeed, the righteous will be in pleasure,

English Transliteration

Inna alabrara lafee naAAeemin

The Reward of the Righteous &the Sinners Allah informs of what the righteous will receive of delight

They are those who obeyed Allah and did not meet Him with disobedience (sins). Then He mentions that the evildoers will be in Hell and eternal torment. Due to this He says,

يَصْلَوْنَهَا يَوْمَ الدِّينِ

(Therein they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense,) meaning, the Day of Reckoning, Recompense, and Judgement.

وَمَا هُمَ عَنْهَا بِغَآئِبِينَ

(And they will not be absent therefrom.) meaning, they will not be absent for even one hour from the torment. The torment will not be lightened from them, nor will they be granted the death that they will be requesting, or any rest -- not even for a single day. Allah then says,

وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

(And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is) This is a magnification of the affair of the Day of Judgement. Then Allah affirms it by saying,

ثُمَّ مَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

(Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is) Then He explains this by saying,

يَوْمَ لاَ تَمْلِكُ نَفْسٌ لِنَفْسٍ شَيْئاً

((It will be) the Day when no person shall have power for another, ) meaning, no one will be able to benefit anyone else, or help him out of that which he will be in, unless Allah gives permission to whomever He wishes and is pleased with. We will mention here a Hadith (where the Prophet said),

«يَا بَنِي هَاشِم، أَنْقِذُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ لَا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ مِنَ اللهِ شَيْئًا»

(O children of Hashim! Save yourselves from the Fire, for I have no power to cause you any benefit from Allah.) This has been mentioned previously at the end of the Tafsir of Surat Ash-Shu`ara' (see 26:214). Thus, Allah says,

وَالاٌّمْرُ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلَّهِ

(and the Decision, that Day, will be with Allah.) "By Allah, the Decision is for Allah today (now), but on that Day no one will try to dispute with Him about it." This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Infitar. All praise and blessings are due to Allah, and He is the Giver of success and freedom from error.

English Translation

And indeed, the wicked will be in Hellfire.

English Transliteration

Wainna alfujjara lafee jaheemin

English Translation

They will [enter to] burn therein on the Day of Recompense,

English Transliteration

Yaslawnaha yawma alddeeni

English Translation

And never therefrom will they be absent.

English Transliteration

Wama hum AAanha bighaibeena

English Translation

And what can make you know what is the Day of Recompense?

English Transliteration

Wama adraka ma yawmu alddeeni

English Translation

Then, what can make you know what is the Day of Recompense?

English Transliteration

Thumma ma adraka ma yawmu alddeeni

English Translation

It is the Day when a soul will not possess for another soul [power to do] a thing; and the command, that Day, is [entirely] with Allah.

English Transliteration

Yawma la tamliku nafsun linafsin shayan waalamru yawmaithin lillahi
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